Čína - zahraničné investície II

Celkový obchod Číny s Afrikou vzrástol z $10,6 mld. v roku 2000 na $40,0 mld. v 2005. Na rok 2006 sa odhaduje ešte jeho zvýšenie.

China and Africa

China's thirst for oil and raw materials has lead to stronger ties between China and numerous African countries. China's overall trade with Africa has risen from $10.6 billion in 2000 to $40 billion in 2005. According to Chinese government the statistics for 2006 will be larger still.

Angola is China's most important partner on the African continent and leading supplier of oil. Angola is currently the second-largest oil producer in Africa and may soon overtake Nigeria as its oil boom continues. When Angola emerged from its 27-year long civil war in 2004, China greatly increased diplomatic relations by granting Angola an immediate US$2 billion credit line to rebuild infrastructure. The international community criticized the action because the loan lacked transparency or accountability.

Import ropy

Since 1997, China has invested billions of dollars in Sudan and is by far the largest investor. In September 2004, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1564, threatening Sudan with oil sanctions unless it curbed its support for janjaweed militia groups that have massacred tens of thousands of people in the Darfur region. To protect its oil interests in Sudan, which supplies seven percent of China's oil imports, Beijing stated very clearly that it would veto any bid to impose such sanctions.

China and Iran

The Iran issue is the most recent source of tension between China and the West. The United States and Europe are pushing the United Nations to impose sanctions because of Tehran's refusal to suspend uranium enrichment programs. China has threatened to veto any such measure as its right being a permanent member of the Security Council. China does support the demand that Iran curtail the program. Mike Green, an analyst at the Center for Strategic and International Studies has stated that the Iran issue is "…the first test of whether the world can influence China, or China influence the world."

The reason behind China's support for Iran is from a preliminary agreement signed in 2004 to buy a 51 percent stake in Iran's Yadavaran oil field, located in the Western Kurdistan province near the border with Iraq. This deal would also allow China to buy 150,000 barrels of Iranian crude a day and 250 million tons of liquefied natural gas at market rates for 25 years amounting to as much as US$100 billion.

There is growing speculation that China will take over the Japanese contract to develop the south Azadegan oilfield. Japan and Iran signed the US$2 billion contract in 2004, but delays as a result of Iran's nuclear program have resulted in Iran's announcement that Japan will be dropped if it fails to advance the project.

Source: GoldE


"The world is governed by self interest only. ." Johann Friedrich Von Schiller